Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, KT, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCIE (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928) was a senior officer of the British Army. During the First World War he commanded the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the Western Front from late 1915 until the end of the war. He was commander during the Battle of the Somme, the battle with one of the highest casualties in British military history, the Third Battle of Ypres, and the Hundred Days Offensive, which led to the armistice of 11 November 1918.

Although he had gained a favourable reputation during the immediate post-war years, with his funeral becoming a day of national mourning, Haig has since the 1960s become an object of criticism for his leadership during the First World War. He was nicknamed “Butcher Haig” for the two million British casualties endured under his command. The Canadian War Museum comments, “His epic but costly offensives at the Somme (1916) and Passchendaele (1917) have become nearly synonymous with the carnage and futility of First World War battles.”

Major-General Sir John Davidson, one of Haig’s biographers, praised Haig’s leadership, and since the 1980s some historians have argued that the public hatred in which Haig’s name had come to be held failed to recognise the adoption of new tactics and technologies by forces under his command, the important role played by British forces in the Allied victory of 1918, and that high casualties were a consequence of the tactical and strategic realities of the time.

Synonyms:
Douglas Haig, Haig
Douglas_Haig,_1st_Earl_Haig (Wikipedia)
The Earl Haig
Sir Douglas Haig.jpg
Field Marshal Lord Haig
Nickname(s) "Master of the Field"
"the Butcher of the Somme"
'Butcher' Haig.
Born (1861-06-19)19 June 1861
Charlotte Square, Edinburgh
Died 29 January 1928(1928-01-29) (aged 66)
21 Prince's Gate, London
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1884–1920
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars Mahdist War
Second Boer War
First World War
Awards see below

Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, KT, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCIE (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928) was a senior officer of the British Army. During the First World War he commanded the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the Western Front from late 1915 until the end of the war. He was commander during the Battle of the Somme, the battle with one of the highest casualties in British military history, the Third Battle of Ypres, and the Hundred Days Offensive, which led to the armistice of 11 November 1918.

Although he had gained a favourable reputation during the immediate post-war years, with his funeral becoming a day of national mourning, Haig has since the 1960s become an object of criticism for his leadership during the First World War. He was nicknamed "Butcher Haig" for the two million British casualties endured under his command. The Canadian War Museum comments, "His epic but costly offensives at the Somme (1916) and Passchendaele (1917) have become nearly synonymous with the carnage and futility of First World War battles."

Major-General Sir John Davidson, one of Haig's biographers, praised Haig's leadership, and since the 1980s some historians have argued that the public hatred in which Haig's name had come to be held failed to recognise the adoption of new tactics and technologies by forces under his command, the important role played by British forces in the Allied victory of 1918, and that high casualties were a consequence of the tactical and strategic realities of the time.

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